Whereas we cannot return to the ways of the Yanomamo, an “achievable” level of dietary salt reduction has been proposed in a series of studies examining the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet, which reduces dietary sodium intake by approximately 50%. This has proven achievable in research studies (10), but widespread implementation would require action by many stakeholders, including legislators, food companies, and retailers, as well as by consumers. The gains from such a strategy, however, could be substantial. In the United States alone, a reduction in sodium intake by 1,200 mg daily across the population could have the following health benefits: 60,000 to 120,000 fewer coronary events, 32,000 to 60,000 fewer strokes, and healthcare cost savings of $10 to $24 billion each year (11). Furthermore, because centrally implemented programs targeting salt in the food supply require rather few resources, they are also highly cost effective (12).