The evaluation of the risk of recurring heart failure events (HFEs) was a pre-specified substudy of MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy).
There are limited data regarding the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D) on the occurrence of recurring heart failure episodes after a first post-implantation HFE.
Data with regard to recurring HFEs were prospectively collected for all 1,820 MADIT-CRT participants. The CRT-D versus defibrillator-only risk for nonfatal first- and subsequent-HFEs was assessed by Cox proportional hazards and Andersen-Gill proportional intensity regression modeling, respectively, in efficacy analyses recognizing active device-type during follow-up.
Multivariate analysis showed that CRT-D was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of a first HFE (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.54, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.44 to 0.67, p < 0.001) and with a similar magnitude of reduction in the risk of HFEs subsequent to a first post-enrollment event (HR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.45 to 0.85, p = 0.003). The benefit of CRT-D for the prevention of first and subsequent HFEs was pronounced among patients with left bundle branch block (HR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.29 to 0.49, p < 0.001; and HR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.33 to 0.76, p = 0.001, respectively) and nonsignificant in non-left bundle branch block patients (HR: 1.12, 95% CI: 0.77 to 1.64, p = 0.55; and HR: 0.99, 95% CI: 0.58 to 1.69, p = 0.96, respectively; p values for interaction: p < 0.001 and p = 0.06, respectively). The occurrences of first and second HFEs were associated with 7- and nearly 19-fold respective increases in the risk of subsequent mortality.
In the MADIT-CRT trial, the benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy for the reduction in recurring HFEs was maintained after the occurrence of a first post-enrollment event. The occurrence of HFEs greatly increased the risk of death. (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy; NCT00180271)