The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of platelet reactivity (PR) in predicting the response to treatment and outcome in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention assisted by glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibition.
There is limited prognostic information on the role of spontaneous or drug-modulated PR in STEMI patients.
The PR was measured with Platelet Function Analyzer (PFA)-100 and light transmission aggregometry (LTA) using adenosine diphosphate as agonist in 70 consecutive STEMI patients at entry (PR-T0), 10 min after GP IIb/IIIa bolus (PR-T1), and discharge (PR-T2) and in 30 stable angina (SA) patients (PR-SA). Complete platelet inhibition (CPI) was based on closure time >300 s by PFA-100 and percentage inhibition of platelet aggregation >95% by LTA. Clinical, electrocardiographic, and angiographic responses to treatment during 1-year follow-up were collected.
According to both techniques, PR-T0 was higher than: 1) PR-T2 and PR-SA; 2) in those without CPI at T1; and 3) in patients with final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade <3. The PR-T0 assessed with PFA-100 correlated with: 1) corrected TIMI frame count (r = −0.6, p < 0.001); 2) ST-segment resolution (r = 45, p < 0.001); and 3) creatine kinase-MB (r = −0.47, p < 0.001). At 1 year, patients with high PR-T0 showed an adjusted 5- to 11-fold increase in the risk of death, reinfarction, and target vessel revascularization (hazard ratio [HR] 11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.5 to 78 [p = 0.02] in PFA-100; HR 5.2, 95% CI 1.1 to 23 [p = 0.03] in LTA).
The PR at entry affects response to GP IIb/IIIa inhibition, mechanical treatment, and long-term outcome in STEMI patients undergoing primary intervention.