Our prospective study tested the hypothesis that the 30-day clinical outcome of elective percutaneous catheter intervention (PCI) differs between strata defined by quartiles of platelet aggregation after loading with 600 mg clopidogrel.
Platelet responses after loading with clopidogrel are highly variable. The impact of this variability on the peri-interventional risk of patients undergoing PCI has not been investigated prospectively.
Our study included 802 consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary stent placement. Before PCI, patients received a loading dose of 600 mg clopidogrel followed by 75 mg daily. Primary end point was the 30-day composite of death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization (major adverse cardiac events [MACE]). Platelet aggregation was assessed immediately before PCI by optical aggregometry (5 μmol/l adenosine diphosphate).
During 30-day follow-up, 15 patients (1.9%) incurred MACE (3 deaths, 8 myocardial infarctions, 8 target lesion revascularizations). Quartiles of platelet aggregation were <4%, 4% to 14%, 15% to 32%, and >32%. Thirty-day MACE differed significantly (p = 0.034) between quartiles of platelet aggregation. It was 0.5% in the first quartile, 0.5% in the second, 3.1% in the third, and 3.5% in the fourth. Platelet aggregation above the median carried a 6.7-fold risk (95% confidence interval 1.52 to 29.41; p = 0.003) of 30-day MACE. Multivariable logistic regression analysis, including pertinent covariables, confirmed platelet aggregation as a significant independent predictor of 30-day MACE (adjusted odds ratio per 10% increase in platelet aggregation 1.32, 95% confidence interval 1.04 to 1.61; p = 0.026).
The level of platelet aggregation immediately before elective coronary stenting in patients pre-treated with a high loading dose of clopidogrel is correlated with early outcome after the procedure.